New European study brings the voice of families to the fore on need for a more robust approach to supporting families

The Spanish case report presents the analysis of the primary research carried out in Spain for the rEUsilience project and has been prepared by Mary Daly (University of Oxford) and the IGOP-UAB team led by Margarita León.

The report’s underpinning evidence is from seven focus groups conducted with 55 members of families in different parts of Spain between February and June 2023. The research provides deep insight into the challenges families face and how they overcome them.

Brussels, 27 November 2023

Today we publish the findings of focus groups involving over 300 family members across 6 European countries (Belgium, Croatia, Poland, Spain, Sweden and the United Kingdom). These are produced by the rEUsilience project, which is focused on identifying the realities of families when they are facing socio-economic risks: such as job loss and navigating heavy care responsibilities. These risks do not fall equally, and this Horizon Europe project is studying the situations of a diversity of families that have to respond to these situations: families on a low income, lone parent families, families living in a rural area, families from a migrant background, families taking on unpaid caring responsibilities. From this, the research offers rich insights into the challenges that families face in navigating tough circumstances, unpacks how they use their often-limited resources to overcome pressures, and shares families’ views on the reforms needed for families to be able to do more than just survive one day at a time.

Notably across the six countries families are struggling with the same types of problem. It is also common for challenges to intersect and reinforce one another: with many families having layers of challenges that cut across employment, care-giving, income, and housing. When difficulties are compounded, it is very hard for families to break out of hardship. The struggle to afford children and meet children’s needs exists in all the countries. The research shows clearly that families are incredibly resourceful with the little they have, employing a wide range of imaginative strategies to attempt to keep afloat but this often comes at an emotional cost with many families exhausted by their relentless struggles against failing systems. We should also be mindful that if families use up their resources in dealing with crises and challenges, their capacities to deal with future challenges are diminished. Coping today may mean not coping tomorrow. Some families have access to strong support from policies, wider family networks and civil society organisations to fall back on, but this is not guaranteed and many of the support systems are fragile. Countries should ask themselves: Do we do enough for families and how can our policies better recognise and support the needs of families?

The 6 national reports published today provide valuable first-hand narratives from families which will be taken forward in the rEUsilience Policy Lab. The Lab will bring the expertise of families and policy experts together to develop sound policy solutions in order to address the problems identified in these valuable focus groups.

The National Focus Group Reports on ‘Exploring Resilience with Families’ are available here for each country.


Notes to Editors:

rEUsilience (Risks, Resources and Inequalities: Increasing Resilience in European Families) is a three-year European research project funded by the European Union’s Horizon Europe research and innovation programme and Innovate UK, the UK’s Innovation Agency. The project aims to understand how different families respond when they are faced with socio-economic shocks and major decisions regarding managing family life and securing a decent income. The consortium partners are Stockholm University, the University of Oxford, the Autonomous University of Barcelona, KU Leuven, the University of Warsaw, the University of Zagreb, and COFACE Families Europe.


For further information contact:

Mary Daly, rEUsilience Joint Coordinator, University of Oxford

Rense Nieuwenhuis, rEUsilience Joint Coordinator, Stockholm University

Holly Shorey, Project and Advocacy Officer, COFACE Families Europe

Margarita León, Investigadora principal, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona

Ivan Cerrillo, Investigador, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona

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